Machu Picchu

Tucked away in the rocky countryside northwest of Cuzco, Peru, Machu Picchu is believed to have been a royal estate or sacred religious site for Inca leaders, whose civilization was virtually wiped out by Spanish invaders in the 16th century.

Historians believe Machu Picchu was built at the height of the Inca Empire, which dominated western South America in the 15th and 16th centuries.

It was abandoned an estimated 100 years after its construction, probably around the time the Spanish began their conquest of the mighty pre-Columbian civilization in the 1530s. There is no evidence that the conquistadors ever attacked or even reached the mountaintop citadel, however; for this reason, some have suggested that the residents’ desertion occurred because of a smallpox epidemic.

There are many theories of the purpose of Machu Picchu and amongst them are that Machu Picchu served as a royal estate for Inca emperors and nobles, a religious site, pointing to its proximity to mountains and other geographical features that the Incas held sacred, a women’s retreat or a city devoted to the coronation of kings, among many examples.

The site’s finely crafted stonework, terraced fields and sophisticated irrigation system bear witness to the Inca civilization’s architectural, agricultural and engineering skills. Its central buildings are prime examples of a masonry technique mastered by the Incas in which stones were cut to fit together without mortar.

Advertisements

About Paco

I am living my dream of sailing around the world, and to visit and meet as many places and people time will allow me.
This entry was posted in Biography and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to Machu Picchu

  1. Pat Quirk says:

    Paco

    I can see that you loved Machu Picchu, for me it was the ultimate spot, breath taking, inspiring and mysterious.

    It looks like you either walked in or walked out, we only got as far as Sun Gate, Enjoy………………………..

    Pat

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s